There are many different rodents; we only cover a few of the more common ones here. Rodents can and do carry diseases, they can cross contaminate foods and surfaces. They cause damage to property and to stored foods as well as damage to building structures and possessions. They can cause problems with power supply and building infrastructure, which can cost many thousands pounds to correct. They can also damage reputation.
Remember: ALL RODENTS GNAW.
A rodents' teeth never stop growing, so to keep the teeth sharp and at the optimum length they gnaw. This can lead to extreme damage being caused to property, possessions, crops and stored goods, which can prove expensive.
Mice are small rodents no bigger than 90mm and around 20grams in weight, grey/brown in colour with slightly lighter belly. Mice are omnivorous and consume 2-3 grams of food per day, although they do drink water, food moisture is usually enough to survive on. Mice normally live for 1 year and reach sexual maturity after 6 weeks they can have up to 8 litters and each litter averages 5 babies. Mice are sporadic eaters they eat little and often.
Wood mice (Apodemus sylvaticus) sometimes can be found in more rural areas, they are slightly larger and lighter brown in colour with light belly. Similar life cycle and dietary needs as the house mouse. Usually found out doors but will seek shelter inside when weather turns cold in late autumn.
Large rodent can be 40cm in length fur colour can vary brown/grey. Rats are omnivorous they will eat anything, they are also neophobic which means they don’t like new things or change especially to their environment. They spend 20% of their time grooming, so contrary to popular belief they are very clean. They do carry several diseases the most common of which is weils disease. Rats take between 2-3 months to reach sexual maturity, and can have 7 litters per annum with 7-8 babies per litter. Rats eat from only a few sights where they feel comfortable.
The grey squirrel was first introduced to Britain in the nineteenth century from America. Grey squirrels are omnivorous and are active throughout the day. They are well known for hoarding food for winter in the autumn to see them through to spring, they do not hibernate, and remain active all year round. Life span is around 8-9 years, breeding takes place in December to February and again in March to May, gestation takes 6-7 weeks. On average they produce 2 litters a year, 1-8 young per litter.